Which measuring instruments are commonly used on construction sites?

1.Leveling device

Leveling device is an instrument that establishes a horizontal line of sight to measure the height difference between two points on the ground. Through the cooperation of the main components such as the telescope, tube level (or compensator), vertical axis, base, and foot screw, the height difference between ground points can be measured. Leveling device can be classified in detail according to structure.

Structural classification

Micro-tilt level:

Suitable for high-precision measurement tasks, complex structure, and high operation requirements.

Automatic leveling level:

Adopts compensator to automatically adjust the level, easy to operate, and suitable for wide use.

Laser level:

Achieve high-precision measurement through laser projection, suitable for a wide range of applications. It is a very important part of construction laser instrument .  

Digital level (electronic level):

Uses electronic sensors to facilitate data processing and recording, suitable for industrial and scientific research scenarios.

Application scenarios

Leveling device are widely used in the fields of construction, civil engineering, mechanical installation, and calibration of precision instruments.

Construction: such as horizontal measurement of walls, floors, and pipelines with a laser level .

Mechanical installation: used for horizontal adjustment and installation calibration of mechanical equipment.

Precision engineering: high-precision measurement and monitoring of large projects such as bridges and tunnels.

2.Total station

Total station is a high-tech measuring instrument that integrates optical, mechanical and electronic technologies. It can measure horizontal angles, vertical angles, distances (slant distances and horizontal distances) and height differences at the same time. It is indeed a multifunctional surveying and mapping system. It is named “total station” because it can complete all measurement work at the station after one installation. This instrument is widely used in various precision engineering measurement and deformation monitoring fields, including large-scale buildings on the ground and underground tunnel construction.

Application areas

1. Large-scale construction:

– In high-rise buildings, bridges and other projects, it is used to locate and measure various parts of the building structure

2. Tunnel construction:

– In the process of excavation and construction of underground tunnels, it is used to accurately locate and control the construction direction

3. Deformation monitoring:

– Long-term monitoring of geological changes, building deformation, etc. to ensure project safety

4. Municipal engineering:

– In the construction of municipal infrastructure such as roads and bridges, it is used for high-precision measurement and control